January 30, 2023

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Definition and Merits of Dua

Kids learning Dua

The word Dua (pronounced Du’a) literally refers to a prayer to invoke or make a supplication. According to al-Khattabi Dua is the act of asking the servant to the assistance of his Lord and His continual assistance. It’s a variant of Ibadah (worship) as well as zikrullah (remembrance to Allah).

In performing hajj, during the first 10 day of Zulhijjah and on the day of Arafah

The Prophet s.a.w. said,

“There are no days during which the righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah s.w.t. than these (first ten) days (of Zulhijjah).”

(Sunan Ibn Majah)

In a different hadith, he stated,

“The best of Dua is Dua on the day of ‘Arafah.” 

(Sunan At-Tirmizi)

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Etiquettes in Dua

There are some etiquettes (adab) to be followed to ensure that our Dua is presented properly to ensure that they will be granted. A few of them are listed below:

Be sincere

Being a person of Ikhlas (sincerity) can be the prerequisite for accepting of Dua. Allah s.w.t. mentions in the Qur’an that

“And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him).” 

(Surah Al-Bayyinah 98:5)

We praise and glorify Allah s.w.t. and recite the Selawat (salutations) on the Prophet

The Prophet s.a.w. said,

“When any of you prays, he should begin with the glorification of his Lord and praise Him; he should then invoke blessings on the Prophet s.a.w; thereafter he should supplicate Allah for anything he wishes.” 

(Sunan At-Tirmizi)

Include Allah’s names of praise

Try to understand and learn His names that are glorified. There is always at least one name suitable to what we’re asking for in our prayer. Duas to learn is compulsory in Islam. Allah s.w.t. declares in the Qur’an:

“And (all) The Most Beautiful Names belong to Allah so, call Him through them, and be free of those who do not believe or disbelieve in (or use impious language against) the His Names. They will be punished for what they used perform.”

(Surah Al-A’raf, 7:180)

Things that hinder the acceptance of Dua

There is nothing more worrying than having our Dua granted, especially in times when lives in danger. It is therefore essential to understand the reasons our Dua isn’t getting answered like this: When you start learning the Quran online, Your Online Teacher also Give you advise to learn Dua’s.

Engaging in illegal activities that are not legal

The Prophet s.a.w. said,

“God is good and accepts only what is good, and He has given the same command to the believers as He has given to the Messengers, saying, “O Messengers, eat of what is good and act righteously” (Al-Mukminun, 23:51) and also, “O You who believe, eat of the good things which We have provided for you” (Al-Baqarah, 2:172). Then he (the Prophet) mentioned about a man who makes a long journey in a dishevelled and dusty state, who stretches out his hands to heaven saying, “My Lord, my Lord,” when his food, drink and clothing are of an unlawful nature, and he is nourished by what is unlawful, how then can his supplication be accepted?

(Sahih Muslim)

In spite of the sins they committed those who have committed sins shouldn’t lose faith in Allah s.w.t. and, therefore should establish Tawbah (repentance) as well as slowly improve their lives by doing what is required and other goodness-oriented actions. Allah s.w.t. declares His mercy to the criminals,

“Say (O Prophet, that Allah s.w.t. says), “O My servants who have exceeded the limits against their souls! Do not lose hope in Allah’s mercy, for Allah certainly forgives all sins. He is indeed the All-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”

(Surah Az-Zumar, 39:53)

Inappropriate Dua and displaying an inability to endure and conviction

Making Dua for something that is against Islamic rules is not going to result in any Dua to be addressed. According to the Prophet s.a.w. said,

“The servant will continue to have his supplications answered as long as he does not ask for a sin or cutting of ties and he is not impatient.” They said, “O Messenger of Allah, what is its impatience?” The Prophet said, “He says: I have supplicated again and again, but I have not seen an answer. He becomes frustrated with that and gives up supplicating.”

(Sahih Muslim)

Making Effort While Praying for the Best

In the same way that Muslims are urged to perform Dua however, they must also make an effort to fulfill their desires prior to submitting the results for Allah s.w.t. The effort should be done with diligence, based on one’s capability. It might also be necessary to evaluate themselves regularly for more effective results within the work all-around.

In reality, the real Tawakkul’s meaning is both determination and reliance, in contrast to Tawakul, which is merely the latter. This Quranic verse is an overall guideline for ensuring that you are putting in the effort to improve yourself:

“Verily! Allah will not change the condition of a people as long as they do not change their state themselves.” 

(Surah Ar-Ra’d, 13:11)

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The Prophet s.a.w. instructed us to set up an effort in line with the requirements, as was reported by Anas Ibn Malik r.a. who told him,

“O Messenger of Allah! Shall I tie it (camel) and rely (upon Allah), or leave it loose and rely (upon Allah)?” He said, “Tie it and rely (upon Allah).”

(Sunan At-Tirmizi)

What if the result is Different from What We have prayed for?

As as servants of Allah the Merciful Our duty is to fulfill our duties by putting forth Dua and effort, as well as relying on Him to fulfill our desires. However, we should be steadfast in our faith to Allah s.w.t. because His knowledge is far beyond our comprehension and encompasses the predestination of everything.

Our faith will be a sign of the husn al-zan (good opinion) to Him, regardless of the outcome, good or not and that could come in the future. Allah s.w.t. affirms that in the Qur’an meaning:

“Though you dislike it, and it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.”

(Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:216)

The Prophet s.a.w. showed that Allah s.w.t. fulfills one’s Dua,

“Any Muslim who makes a supplication containing nothing which is sinful or which involves breaking ties of relationship will be given for it by God one of three things: He will give him a speedy answer, or store it up for him in the next world, or turn away from him an equivalent amount of evil.” Those who heard it said, “We would then make many supplications.” And the Prophet s.a.w. replied, “Allah is more ready to answer than they were to ask.”

(Musnad Ahmad)

Addressing Dua

Allah s.w.t. employs a variety of approaches in addressing Dua for His members since He is aware of what is most suitable for each one of them in addition to how his blessings can impact them in a positive or negative way at any time throughout their life. For example, if we create a Dua to receive an abundance of wealth in the world, Allah s.w.t. knows what effect it will have on us both in longer and short term.

Even though we’ve followed all the proper etiquettes when we made the Dua, Allah s.w.t. will not grant it instantly since it might cause us to be corrupted by desire. This is why God could grant it later as we’re more prepared morally and spiritually to accept the burden of bearing huge riches.

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